The city of Stagira was established at the year of 655 BC, from colonists came from the island of Andros, and some from the city of Chalkida a few years later. After the Persian wars, Stagira became a member of the First Athenian Alliance, contributing the public cash. During the Peloponnesian war, at the year of 424 BC, the city defected from Athenians and entered into alliance with Spartans. That incident made Athenians really angry. That’s why they tried to besiege Stagira with no result.
Some years later, Stagira went over to Chalkidiki’s Public, a confederation of all the cities of Chalkidiki, under the leadership of the city of Olinthos. At 349 BC, the city was besieged and conquered by Macedonian King Philip II. The city was totally destroyed. Some years later, Philip decided to rebuild Stagira honoring the great philosopher Aristotle (Stagira was his birth place). The city never bends around from the destruction and the state of decadence. Geographer Stravon, who lived at the times of Jesus Christ, indicates that Stagira were already abandon.
During the acme period, the city of Stagira was protected by a strong fortification with a perimeter of about 2 klms. On the top of south hill lays the citadel of Stagira, where a round water tank, with 2 m diameter and 2m depth, was excavated. At citadel’s highest corner came in light a square place, with side length of 5m. This place, with a similar one right next of it, was used as a guardhouse, to supervise the whole area. It posses the highest point of the whole city, with the ability to supervise not only the city but also the area away from it.
At the center of the village, was excavated a public building, the Agora, made out of marble stones and was the place were residents ware gathered to debate. At the front the building and left of it a small altar was found, with a small overflowing ditch sculptured on the rock.
Remains of houses, aged from Classical and Hellenic period, gives us valuable information about the organization of the village and the society of Stagira in general. The houses have different sizes, sculpted and no sculpted stones and ground floor. The rooms are usually big in contrary to thin stone halls. This fact, as well as the step-like arrangement of the houses, reminds the traditional villages of Greek islands.
Thousand years later, from the destruction of Stagira, the existence of a small medieval castle is reported, by the name of Libasdias and later Lipsasda. That explains few buildings and the Byzantine wall found on the top of the north hill.