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Syndeterios of Egnatia

Συνδετήριος Εγνατία

 

Part of a country house was excavated about 500 m. to the east of the Vrasna fortress complex. The outer wall was excavated for a length of 38 m., and also two rooms with rubble masonry. Unfortunately, the site was levelled during the 1980s to build a motorcycle racetrack.

 

It can be concluded from what has survived that it was a building in the type of the ancient Greek house with an internal courtyard, around which were arranged rooms opening on to it From the coins and the small quantity of diagnostic pottery, it is dated from the time of Alexander the Great to about the reign of Antigonos Gonatas.

 

The scanty finds from the excavation - plain vases of everyday use and iron tools - suggest that the occupants were engaged in rural work and in activities similar to those found in the other country houses in the region contemporary with it. The abandonment of this country house, like that at Liotopi Routsheli, is assigned to the third quarter of the 3rd c. BC and was probably associated with the general abandonment resulting from the presence of the Gauls in the Macedonian countryside.

 

The most interesting find in this rural complex was an underground built circular room with a corbelled roof, ending in a wellhead at ground level. The walls were built of stone up to a certain point, after which they were formed by a coating of hard mud. The same material was used to cover the floor, which had a shallow circu1ar depression at the center.

 

At the lower part of its diameter were two "cupboards" dug into the ground and also coated with a layer of the same mud. The most probable interpretation of this structure is that it was an underground room for storing foodstuffs at low temperatures - that is, a kind of pantry.