West of Strymonikos gulf, at a distance of few kilometers, is situated the lake Volvi the second biggest lake of Greece. Along with lake Koronia were once a part a united lake inside of the Mygdonia area, but today their physiognomy is totally different: not deep and with low oxygen level during the summer for lake Koronia, deep and with more oxygen for lake Volvi.
Numberless torrents and brooks are water supplying the lake maintaining the level of water. It’s surrounded by arable land, hills, narrow swampy zones and stubbles. The north side of the lake is deeper and rougher and indicates the remains of a forest. Two remarkable forests are located in the area: the forest of Rentina on the sides of river Rihios, known as Makedonika Tempi, and the forest of Apollonia, on the side of lake Volvi.
In the width area of the lake, it have been recorded 336 kinds of plants, 13 of them are consider to be extremely rear. Between the two lakes, Volvi and Koronia are two huge perennial plane trees, which offer a large number of nests for the birds and have been declared as natural monuments.
It has also been recorded 24 species of fishes living in lake Volvi, 19 amphibian species 34 mammal species and over 200 species of birds. Lake Volvi is considered to be a stand for many migratory birds and a place to spend the winter and reproduction for some other. The fMakedonika Tempi, particularly is an important passage for predatory species.
The main activity for the residents around lake Volvi is tillage during most of the year except a small period in spring. An interesting fact of life around lake, is that this area is one of few areas in Greece where are still raising buffalos.
The water system of the area is extremely valuable. That’s the reason why this area is characterized as:
- Water biotope of Lakes Koronia - Volvi (Ramsar convention 1971)
- "Special Protected Area" (SPA, instruction 79/409 E.U.)
- "E.U.’s Area of Interest" (Instruction 92/43 ?U, Nature 2000- GR 1220001)
- "Protection of the Mediterranean sea from Pollution" (Barcelona Convention)
- "Maintenance of European Wild Life and Natural Land" (Bern Convention 1983)
- "Maintenance of Migrate Wild Species" (Bonn Convention)